Language, Society And Culture

Posted on 07 May 2011 by Aajiz

Factors Involved in the investigation of Social Dialect

Social Class And Education:
Leaving Educational system at early age
e.g. ( Them boys throwed somethin)
Spending long time in educational system
e.g. (Talks like a book)

Labov’s Theory:
Study of Labov (1972), looking sales people pronunciation differences in New York city at Saks, Macy’s and Klein’s departmental stores.
Use of more  /r/ Sound by higher and socio-economic status. (higher)
Fewer /r/ sounds produced by lower socio-economic status. (lowah)

Age:
Dialect Survey in a particular region shows that grandparents may use those terms which grand children do not.
e.g icebox, wireless (doesn’t use like to introduce reported speech)
e.g we’re getting ready, and he’s like

Gender:
Female speaker tend to use Prestigious form than male
e.g I done it—I did
e.g Women discuss personal feelings, experience, seeking connections while Male Non-personal topics and give advice on solutions, more competitive and concerned with power via language

Ethnic background:
An ethnic group (or ethnicity) is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, a common culture (often including a shared religion) and an ideology

Within any society differences in speech may come about because of Ethnic background
e.g African Americans known as BEV, Use frequent absence of copula, Double negative constructions, illogical structure
(He don’t know nothing, I ain’t afraid of no ghosts)

Idiolect:
In linguistics, an idiolect is a variety of a language unique to an individual. It is manifested by patterns of vocabulary or idiom selection (the individual’s lexicon), grammar, or pronunciations that are unique to the individual.
The term idiolect is used for the personal dialect of each individual speaker of a language.

Style:
Formal
Informal
Register:
Use in specific situations
Religious Register (Ye Shall be blessed by him)
Legal Register (The Plaintiff is ready to take the witness stand)

Jargon:
Technical Vocabulary associated with the special activity or group
“Don’t bother me know I’m juggling eggs”
Diglossia:
A major skill like pronunciation and grammar, to different varieties of language co-exist in a speech community (Arabic Language)

Language and Culture:
Linguistic variations are some times discussed as terms of cultural differences
Culture variation means “socially acquired knowledge” or cultural transmission by which languages are acquired

Worlds culture study become clear that different groups not only have different languages, they have different world’s views reflected in their languages
In very simple term, the Aztecs not only didn’t have a figure in their culture like “ Santa Claus”, they did not have a word for this figure either

Linguistic Determinism:
If two languages appear to have very different ways of describing the way of world is called linguistic determinism
Language determines thoughts (You can only think in the categories which your language allows you to think in)
Eskimos in English

The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis:
Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf produced arguments in 1930s that language of American Indians is different from other Europeans languages
Hopi Indians Tribes perceived differently from other English speaking tribes, distinction b/w animate and inanimate (Cloud, Stone)
Confusion b/w (animate, feminine, living, female—door, stone)

Language Universals:
All languages of the world have certain common properties, those common properties called linguistics universals and can be described with definitive feature of languages
Arbitrary symbol systems, noun like and verb components, set of sound patterns, Grammar, prepositions

Sociolinguistics:
Sociolinguistics is the study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society.

Sociology of Language:
Sociology of language focuses on the language’s effect on the society. It is closely related to the field of sociolinguistics, which focuses on the effect of the society on the language.
A sociology of language would seek to understand the way that social dynamics are affected by individual and group language use

Social Dialects:
Social Dialects are varieties of language used by groups defined according to class, education, age, sex, and a number of other social parameters.

Concept of Prestige:
In sociolinguistics, prestige describes the level of respect accorded to a language or dialect as compared to that of other languages or dialects in a speech community. The concept of prestige in sociolinguistics is closely related to that of prestige or class within a society. Generally, there is positive prestige associated with the language or dialect of the upper classes, and negative prestige with the language or dialect of the lower classes.

Language, Society and Culture
By: Muhammad Afzal & Zammad Aslam

Enhanced by Zemanta

7 Comments For This Post

  1. Anton Collyer Says:

    It’s exhausting to find educated individuals on this topic, but you sound like you understand what you’re speaking about! Thanks

  2. Kosmetyczka Pruszkow Says:

    65. Good !V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your client to communicate. Excellent task..

  3. Geoffrey Mccammack Says:

    Certainly, to my mind the harder education of any child is very important since of the fact that unless a person is educated as much as possible, the job prospects are not effective. As a person is educated more and more, there is a greater opportunity of achieving excellence for the work. This is because of the fact that education is the foundation what is the best the culture has built.

  4. [email protected] Says:

    I simply wanted to let you know how much my partner and i appreciate all you’ve contributed to help improve the lives of folks in this subject matter. Through your own articles, I have gone from just an inexperienced to a professional in the area. It can be truly a honor to your initiatives. Thanks

  5. Kieth Henning Says:

    When you are shopping with your friend,what is the mainly topic with them?I think replica handbags is the best answer,when a lot of girls go shopping together,they maybe think of that:Does my discount designed handbag look nice ? Certanily ,boys can’t understand why so many girls are own differnt color and style replica hangbags.GHD flat irons are the best choice for stars and celebrities, and they can also be used to create any desired hair style.

  6. Hoyt Scatton Says:

    Vitamin E can help prevent dry skin, The main reason you get scaly skin is low humidity. Though Old Man Winter is the one to blame for most climate-related dry skin problems, he’s not the only culprit. wallmart vitamin Anywhere you encounter low humidity, you’ll encounter dry skin. Heating or air conditioning can both dry out your skin. You aren’t Daffy. Water may roll off a duck’s back, but human skin doesn’t work that way. Too much water, especially from hot showers or baths or from hot tubs, can cause problems. The more you wet down and dry off, the less able your skin is to retain water. So if you take a couple of hot showers a day, you can remove vital oils from your skin that help keep your skin moist. Spending too much time in hot tubs can cause the same itchy and dry skin problems.

  7. Regena Says:

    Excellent blog post, We are browsing back again frequently to look for fresh news.

2 Trackbacks For This Post

  1. mid size suv for pulling horse trailer Says:

    I much like it!…

    Amazing article. I need you up-to-date your weblog much more often, I just cannot appear to be to own adequate of one’s blog. I saved your weblog in my bookmarks. Would it be feasible to do a guest article sometime?…

  2. Nostradamus Future Predictions Says:

    [...] Price: For more on this topic you can read: http://www.eliterarysociety.com/language-society-and-culture/ [...]

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

Advertise Here

Photos from our Flickr stream

See all photos

Advertise Here