Tag Archive | "Education"

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Role of Teachers in Education

Posted on 06 March 2013 by Aajiz

Role of Teacher in Education

Education encompasses both the teaching and learning of knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency. It thus focuses on the cultivation of skills, trades or professions, as well as mental, moral and aesthetic development. Education is a two way process there is some giving person and taking person. So, a teacher plays a pivotal role in a system of education and its roles in education are facilitator, interpreter, translator, a guide etc. Education systems are established to provide education and training, in most of the cases for children and young. A curriculum defines what students should know and have to know, understand and be able to do as the result of education. Teaching also refers to learning facilitated by a real live teacher. Training refers to learning toward preparing learners with specific knowledge, skills, or abilities that can be applied immediately in practical life. Instruction refers to the intentional facilitating of learning toward identified goals, delivered either by an instructor or other forms. So, a teacher’s role is multifunctional. Teachers are knowledge facilitators but only for some, and for whom they were the creator of opportunity and potential. Schools provide the role of engineering for the society. According to U.S. Department of Labour Bureau of Labour Statistics (2001) teachers play an important role in fostering the intellectual and social development of children during their formative years. Teachers act as facilitators or coaches, using classroom presentations or individual instruction to help students learn and apply concepts in subjects such as science, mathematics, English etc.

How Role of Teacher is Important?

According to Rahman, et al; (2005) teachers play an important role in delivering new knowledge and skills to students. They are regarded as excellent and competent teachers by parents’ on the bases of excellent academic achievement of the students. Schools play a variety of important social, custodial and organisational roles in communities and with schools come teachers who have primary obligation to help students to learn how to recognize and solve problems, comprehend new phenomenon, construct mental models of those phenomena , and, given a new situation, set goals and regulate their own learning.

Learning and teaching always remain ‘the main game’ of education. To this end, teachers’ educational expertise needs to be strengthened, together with their professional knowledge, skills and dispositions. Teachers can then bring their wisdom to bear on the challenge new technologies pose for literacy education as well as for teaching more generally (Lankshear, 2000).

 

Teachers have a primary role in determining what is needed or what would work best with their students. Findings from research (Eslami & Fatahi, 2004) on teachers’ perceptions and beliefs indicate that these perceptions and beliefs not only have considerable influence on their instructional practices and classroom behaviour but also are related to their students’ achievement. Thus, knowing, the perceptions and beliefs of teachers enable one to make predictions about teaching and assessment practices in classrooms. Teachers clearly play a key role in the process of learning and education. Teachers, students, the educational atmosphere, the syllabi, and educational aids are the main components of the whole process without which it can neither start nor accomplish anything. The student is dependent on the teacher for the acquisition of knowledge. The existence or absence of an ideal educational atmosphere, a good syllabus, and effective aids does affect the objectives and quality of education, but only to an extent. These are neither absolutely necessary, nor does their absence halt the process. But the availability of an able and motivational teacher could end the students’ dependence on all other factors. It would take well-educated, caring and compassionate teachers-teachers trained in their subjects as per the needs of the students with respect to their gender, age, psyche and level of comprehension (Khalid &Khan 2006).

 Role of Teacher as Facilitator

The learners adopt a relativistic view in which one can see that knowledge is relative to the frame of reference that is applied to it by the learner, and that this needs to be taken into account when working with knowledge. Correspondingly now, the learner sees the role of a teacher as one of partner and facilitator in the development of knowledge. Knowledge is seen as certain or absolute and formal learning is a matter of absorption of the knowledge of the experts (e.g. teachers). It is described as ‘transitional knowledge’, a second stage in which learner begins to have doubts about the certainly of knowledge and gains a position where one acknowledges that there is both partial certainly and partial uncertainly. The third stage is ‘independent knowledge’ when learners recognize the uncertainly of the knowledge, and cope with this by taking the position that everyone has a right to her own opinion or beliefs. This seems to be the most sophisticated domain, that of ‘contextual knowledge’. In this knowledge is seen as constructed, and is understood in relation to effective deployment of evidence that best fits a given context. Teachers are, at this stage, seen as facilitators and partners in the process of the development of knowledge. The link between epistemological beliefs and learning is, of course, crucial (Moon, 2008).But with the passage of time and changes in ages also change the role and responsibility of a teacher.

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Knowledge is Power?

Posted on 11 February 2012 by Aajiz

Knowledge?

Desire for power is inherent in man through knowledge. The love of power comes from the consciousness of man’s mental and moral superiority over other created beings. It is instinctive; therefore, that man as superior being must control and dominate others. Again, the awareness that not all men are created equal gives birth to the desire to rule and dominate others who are weak; some are intelligent, others dull; some brave and daring, others shy and timid. In the same way there are those who are educated, others comparatively ignorant, some wealthy, others poor. The history of the world, so far as man is concerned, is a history of the struggle for power. Thus from the primitive wars of tribes and clans to the ruinous wars of today, there is only one idea behind these wars and that is the thirst for power or knowledge.

Broadly speaking power is of two kinds, physical and mental. Physical power is of the lower order as compared to the power of the mind through knowledge officely. Primitive men mainly understood one kind of power and that was of the body. In past the strength of the arms decided things and might alone was right. However, with the growth of civilization and the development of the human mind, the mental power came to be recognized as of a superior order. Mental power has its origin in knowledge.

Knowledge and Birth

When man first appeared on the earth, he was no better than animals.  He was about the beast of prey and was a helpless being, a Antagonism create a sense of insecurity and uncertainty. As with individuals so with nations. India’s neighbors Pakistan and China, have not only proved bad neighbors but a regular nuisance. The armed aggression on our territory have damaged our economic and political stability. The peaceful activities of building up a nation are endangered. We have to build up our strength and power militarily to face the situation adequately and with confidence. The forms of social life are determined by men’s nature, and only as their natures improve can the forms become better. The practicability of cooperation depends upon human character. If a man or for that purpose. A nation refuses to listen to reason then it becomes essential to talk, in the language, which is understandable to it.

Mature Knowledge

The atmosphere of mutual fear and distrust between the people and the nations must be removed. “Live and let live,” should be the guiding principle for communities and nations as for individuals. It is the practical philosophy of life to tolerate others, to retrain from interfering with others, and reconcile to the way of the others. Complete uniformity or total identification of thoughts and ideology is impossibility. Stubbornness and intolerance only creates unhappiness and an atmosphere of tension and bitterness. All the creative abilities of man can be better utilized, if good neighborly feeling is created. Mutual adjustment based on broad minded attitude can create harmony and goodwill. It is the synthetic attitude of life, which alone can make peaceful life possible. Hence, as charity begins at home, it becomes essential that we learn to live as good neighbors first, then value the sociable virtues of community, and finally as a nation. Mutual respect, noninterference in others internal affairs can lead to peaceful coexistence. Progress and prosperity and the advancement of mankind on the whole depends upon our realization that we must learn to live together and live like human beings’ knowledge.

Knowledge: Unlimited Potential of the Human Mind

English: Unlimited Potential of the Human Mind (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Teaching Addition Skills Constructive Ideas

Posted on 16 December 2011 by Aajiz

Mixing Categories of Physical Objects Teaching Skills:

For many learners, this is their most primary practical understanding of including up. This procedure normally in teaching skills requires gathering two places of physical objects, then keeping track of how many physical objects there are in complete. (For example, by building two systems of ice, and then keeping track of up every single avoid.) In teaching skills, For many, this strategy can be too included, particularly for those learners who existing add. If the kid cannot hold their awareness for the whole of the action, hinders will be put completely wrong, systems will end up with additional hinders, hinders will get confusing, and at the end, the completely wrong reply is arrive at. The time the procedure means that if your kid does not expert the idea quickly, they are not likely to make development at all. Moreover, it is challenging to give this procedure into a working out that can be contacted mentally: for example, try to think about two large places of physical objects in your head, and then matter them all up. Even for people, this is nearly extremely hard. Need more teaching skills.

Simple Drawings Teaching Skills:

At other hand in teaching skills, Jottings are a more useful substitute to the procedure described above. Create out the inclusion issue on a piece of document, and next to the first amount, jot down the appropriate amount of tallies (for example, for the amount 4, attract 4 tallies). Ask your college scholar to anticipate how many tallies you will need to attract by the other amount in the issue. When they come to the appropriate reply, ask them to attract the tallies. To complete with, ask how many tallies they have utilized permanently. In Teaching Skills this strategy is a much easier way of providing together 2 categories, is less likely to be topic to technical problem, and is better suitable for learners with inadequate concentrate. It also motivates the kid to affiliate between what the published sum actually says, and why they are sketching a certain amount of tallies.

Counting on Teaching Skills:

In addition in Teaching Skills, This is an approach based around your past or existing student’s potential to say amount titles. When your kid has attained a level where they know how to matter to five, start asking them concerns like, “what amount is 1 more than…” (E.g. what comes after 2 when we count?) This is actually equal to responding to an inclusion issue of the type 2+1, but helps to be connected the thoughts of keeping track of and inclusion, which is very highly effective. This approach gets your college scholar ready to use amount pieces and gives them the assurance to reply issues in their mind. The strategy can also be made more challenging, by asking, “what amount are 2 more than…” When your kid can with answer such issues out noisy, show them the concern published down, and describe that this is the same as the issue you had been doing before. For teachers in teaching skills this will help the kid to see inclusion and keeping track of as generally relevant, and that this new issue is actually something they have met before.

Playing Panel Games:

In gaming teaching skills, this action can be both a precise chance to learn as well as a pleasurable leisure activity. Activities that require a kitchen counter to be transferred around a panel do a lot to motivate kids to trust. If the panel has statistics on it, the kid is able to see that the action is similar to keeping track of out statistics out noisy, or using an amount line. Make sure that of knowing how to highlight the partnership between using games and inclusion.

Learning Amount Facts:

Through teaching skills, usually, we depend on amount information discovered by center to help us reply inclusion issues. Simply speaking, we do not have to decide the answer 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the capability to remember inclusion information allows us to deal with easy mathematics duties with. Develop your past or existing student’s understanding of known amount ties by performing room music that tell testimonies of amount. Take part in the sport of corresponding sets with the college scholar, where the level of the sport is recognize the area of the concern (for example, 7+8) and the corresponding reply from a set of credit charge cards all flipped face down. Develop a set of flashcards with easy inclusion information published on them, look at the credit charge cards one at a time, and ask the college scholar for the reply, providing a lot of applause when they provide the right reply. When they are assured, develop the amount of information. In teaching skills, activities will avoid your kid perceiving inclusion as unexciting, and will build assurance.

Addition Printable and Worksheets:

Procedure makes perfect – and the right style of exercise also gives more assurance. By making use of easy worksheets, targeted towards your past or existing student’s capability and awareness period, you are able to considerably strengthen your kid’s capability with inclusion, both by mouth and published down. There are a lot of services that offer worksheets that help with the helping of including up, but it does matter what including up worksheets you use. Make sure that the worksheets are targeted at the right level, being neither too challenging nor too easy, and are of the appropriate duration to sustain the past or existing student’s interest. You should be trying to existing concerns that nurture their memory of amount information, along with a dropping of amounts including some working out. On the instances that the college scholar is profitable, use to be able to provide them a lot of praise; when they go completely wrong, do not appear discouraged, but temporarily describe their blunder. Using including up worksheets in a regarded way can really increase your past or existing student’s capability with teaching skills.

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Lord of the Flies Character List

Posted on 25 October 2011 by Aajiz

Rob –  The novel’s character, the twelve-year-old British boy who decided chief of the number of young children marooned on the region. Rob work to organize the boys’ operate to make a small many on the region until they would rescue. Rob signifies human being beings’ civilizing thought, in contrast to the savage thought that Port represents.
Read an in-depth research of Rob.

Jack –  The novel’s villain, one of the old-young children trapped on the region. Port becomes the chief of the seeker but wants for complete energy and becomes progressively crazy, crude, and terrible as the novel continues. Port, successful at adjusting the other young children, signifies the thought of savagery within people, in contrast to the civilizing thought Rob signifies.
Read an in-depth research of Jack.

Simon –  A shy, susceptible boy in the collection. Simon, in some methods the only normally “good” individuality on the region, functions please toward the young children and is willing to use for the good of their area. Moreover, because his drive seated in his heavy sensation of connectedness to characteristics, Simon is the only individuality whose sensation of values does not seem to made by area. Simon signifies a type of normal rewards, in contrast to the loads of nasty of Port and the values of many showed by Rob and Piggy.
Read an in-depth research of Simon.

Piggy –  Ralph’s “lieutenant.” A whiny, mental boy, Piggy’s inventiveness regularly results in technology, such as the make shift sundial that the young children use to tell time. Piggy signifies the medical, logical area of many.

Roger –  Jack’s “lieutenant.” A vicious, terrible old boy who brutalize the littluns and gradually killings Piggy by moving a boulder onto him.

Sam and Eric –  A couple of twin babies strongly allied with Rob. Sam and Eric are always together, and the other young children often cure them as 1 business, contacting them “Samneric.” The effortlessly excitable Sam and Eric are a piece of the collection known as the “bigguns.” At the end of the novel, they drop sufferer to Jack’s treatment and coercion.

The Master of the Travels –  The name given to the sow’s brain that Jack’s company impaled on a spot and erects in the do as an providing to the “beast.” The Master of the Travels comes to show the primordial intuition of energy and harshness that take management of Jack’s group.

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What Should Have To Do, Before You Go To Study Abroad

Posted on 21 October 2011 by Aajiz

A Student of the University of British Columbi...
Image via Wikipedia

If you decided to go abroad to study, than you have to start preparing your plans.

Choose a course

While the choice of the course you are going to do, make sure that you are really interested in this route. Try to get the most out of the country in which it designed to study in. If you are going to study in the U.S., than American history, or the same one that could be useful, of course, that you can choose, as some in U.S. history, no other country could not be taught better than the U.S. itself .

Arrange accommodation

Deciding where to stay depends on what type of course you choose. If you are considering taking the course related to language or culture of that particular nation where you go on, the better for you to stay with host families. This will help you learn the language, culture and even the daily life and society.Student Bus

But if you plan to take technical courses, then it is better for you to stay in compartments shared. This will decrease the cost of living.

Travel Documentation

Make sure your passport is valid at least six months after your return date. If this is not a renewal application. If you have not taken care to look. Also prepare other documents that may help you get the visa as soon as possible.

Stay in touch

E-mail Service is faster and cheaper to stay in touch with family and friends of the country you are studying in. Therefore, we recommend you email account. If you do not free the service providers, like Hotmail – www.hotmail.com, Yahoo – mail.yahoo.com, Gmail – www.gmail.com, etc. Make sure the Internet these days could be available to all corners of the earth. Even the university or college where you are going to study can offer a free Internet service. Remember to distribute your e-mail to friends and family so they can contact you when needed.

Buying a phone card before you go abroad is not a bad idea.

Gather more information

Collect as much information about the country you are leaving. In touch with friends, or students who are already there, to know the status, climate and other information, such as jobs. Let’s talk about ‘the U.S. has a shortage of part-time work in countries such as: – Alabama. So be careful, it could be a problem with the bearing of your tuition fees and living expenses.

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Language, Society And Culture

Posted on 07 May 2011 by Aajiz

Factors Involved in the investigation of Social Dialect

Social Class And Education:
Leaving Educational system at early age
e.g. ( Them boys throwed somethin)
Spending long time in educational system
e.g. (Talks like a book)

Labov’s Theory:
Study of Labov (1972), looking sales people pronunciation differences in New York city at Saks, Macy’s and Klein’s departmental stores.
Use of more  /r/ Sound by higher and socio-economic status. (higher)
Fewer /r/ sounds produced by lower socio-economic status. (lowah)

Age:
Dialect Survey in a particular region shows that grandparents may use those terms which grand children do not.
e.g icebox, wireless (doesn’t use like to introduce reported speech)
e.g we’re getting ready, and he’s like

Gender:
Female speaker tend to use Prestigious form than male
e.g I done it—I did
e.g Women discuss personal feelings, experience, seeking connections while Male Non-personal topics and give advice on solutions, more competitive and concerned with power via language

Ethnic background:
An ethnic group (or ethnicity) is a group of people whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, a common culture (often including a shared religion) and an ideology

Within any society differences in speech may come about because of Ethnic background
e.g African Americans known as BEV, Use frequent absence of copula, Double negative constructions, illogical structure
(He don’t know nothing, I ain’t afraid of no ghosts)

Idiolect:
In linguistics, an idiolect is a variety of a language unique to an individual. It is manifested by patterns of vocabulary or idiom selection (the individual’s lexicon), grammar, or pronunciations that are unique to the individual.
The term idiolect is used for the personal dialect of each individual speaker of a language.

Style:
Formal
Informal
Register:
Use in specific situations
Religious Register (Ye Shall be blessed by him)
Legal Register (The Plaintiff is ready to take the witness stand)

Jargon:
Technical Vocabulary associated with the special activity or group
“Don’t bother me know I’m juggling eggs”
Diglossia:
A major skill like pronunciation and grammar, to different varieties of language co-exist in a speech community (Arabic Language)

Language and Culture:
Linguistic variations are some times discussed as terms of cultural differences
Culture variation means “socially acquired knowledge” or cultural transmission by which languages are acquired

Worlds culture study become clear that different groups not only have different languages, they have different world’s views reflected in their languages
In very simple term, the Aztecs not only didn’t have a figure in their culture like “ Santa Claus”, they did not have a word for this figure either

Linguistic Determinism:
If two languages appear to have very different ways of describing the way of world is called linguistic determinism
Language determines thoughts (You can only think in the categories which your language allows you to think in)
Eskimos in English

The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis:
Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf produced arguments in 1930s that language of American Indians is different from other Europeans languages
Hopi Indians Tribes perceived differently from other English speaking tribes, distinction b/w animate and inanimate (Cloud, Stone)
Confusion b/w (animate, feminine, living, female—door, stone)

Language Universals:
All languages of the world have certain common properties, those common properties called linguistics universals and can be described with definitive feature of languages
Arbitrary symbol systems, noun like and verb components, set of sound patterns, Grammar, prepositions

Sociolinguistics:
Sociolinguistics is the study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society.

Sociology of Language:
Sociology of language focuses on the language’s effect on the society. It is closely related to the field of sociolinguistics, which focuses on the effect of the society on the language.
A sociology of language would seek to understand the way that social dynamics are affected by individual and group language use

Social Dialects:
Social Dialects are varieties of language used by groups defined according to class, education, age, sex, and a number of other social parameters.

Concept of Prestige:
In sociolinguistics, prestige describes the level of respect accorded to a language or dialect as compared to that of other languages or dialects in a speech community. The concept of prestige in sociolinguistics is closely related to that of prestige or class within a society. Generally, there is positive prestige associated with the language or dialect of the upper classes, and negative prestige with the language or dialect of the lower classes.

Language, Society and Culture
By: Muhammad Afzal & Zammad Aslam

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How to Advertise to Be a Tutor

Posted on 06 May 2011 by Aajiz

Tutor, Classified advertising, Education, Homework Help, Math, Online tutoring, Services for Hire, Student, Tutor, Tutor training, Advertising tools
Online
NYC, NY
US

Before You Posting a Tutor

  1. Be ready to take customers and tutor them before you post your first ad. Your advertising will be most effective if you can create a good first impression with those who call. Good preparation should also show through in your ads.
    • Choose the subject(s) you will tutor. If possible, select subjects relating to your own expertise, subject of study, or professional experience.
    • Consider the age range with which you’d like to work. Second graders and high school juniors will have widely varying levels and needs.
    • Get some experience tutoring, formally if possible. See if your local library has an adult literacy program. Look for volunteer tutoring opportunities in your area and find out whether any offer tutor training. Or, tutor somebody you know, such as a neighbor or family member.
    • Write a resumé of your tutoring experience and related education. Don’t forget volunteer experience, such as helping a classmate, sibling, or child. You can show this list of qualifications to prospective customers or their parents. Even if you don’t show it to them, it will help to prepare you to promote your services and answer calls.
    • Consider taking classes or training in how to teach. There is more to it than knowing the subject you’ll teach. You also have to know about how to motivate students and explain things.
    • Decide how much you will charge. Evaluate your credentials and experience, and find out what others in your area charge.
  2. Decide where you will tutor.If you will go to the students, don’t forget to factor in travel time. If the students will come to you, make sure you are comfortable having them at your home.
  3. Make Business Cards and Brochures that state that you offer tutoring services and hand them out to people you know. Besides being a simple and inexpensive way to spread the word, personal contacts and word of mouth are very powerful and persuasive advertising tools. People tend to trust people they know. Also send these cards and brochures to school counseling offices to let them know about your service. Often they will mention your service to teachers, especially if you mention recommendations from parents and students.
  4. Sign up with a local tutoring agency and let them do the advertising for you. Depending on the agency, be prepared that you may have to demonstrate at least basic academic credentials, such as having a college degree. Also be aware that these agencies take a cut, so you will make less per session than you might freelancing. Also find out what they have in their contracts for non-competition clauses. That said, they can be a good way to build your tutoring experience. But you must also keep in mind that many of these agencies take a very large percentage. You might be much better striking off on your own.
  5. Sign up with an on-line tutoring agency. This and various other on-line services match up tutors and students. If you go with such a service, read the fine print and find out what the fees and restrictions may be. Keep in mind that you may not meet your students personally this way, nor necessarily have long-term contact with them.
  6. Compose your advertisement. Aim to catch attention, then demonstrate value. Mention your credentials and focus on results. Don’t forget to include some information about what subjects and ages you can teach. One approach might begin: “‘Jessica’ raised her math grade from C to A; you(r child) can, too. Ask me how!”
  7. Create different versions of your ad with varying lengths and headlines. A classified ad will read differently than a flyer, for instance. Have somebody proofread your ads. Even if English is your strong point, you can still miss things in your own writing, and you want to come across as professionally as possible.
  8. Advertise locally. Try these options:
    • The local classified ad pamphlet that comes around in the mail once a week
    • The classified section in the newspaper
    • Flyers at local supermarkets, libraries, campuses, etc.
    • You can advertise your services FREE on SeekaTutor, craigslist.org, Find A Tutor, TutorMatch Tutoring, local.yahoo.com, etc.

Tips as Tutor Posting

  • Be prepared to give references. This is where volunteer experience can come in handy, if you don’t yet have some established, satisfied customers.
  • Encourage your customers to tell others. Moms of students, especially, talk to other moms.
  • Ask your customers how they heard of you so that you know which advertising approaches work.
  • When advertising, put yourself in the shoes of your customers. If you were a student or a parent, where would you go? What would you read? What would concern you? What would attract you?
  • Be honest, but don’t be overly modest. Present your work in a good light. Don’t put your prices in your ads unless you intend to use them as a selling point. Otherwise, discuss that after your first impressions are made. Keep in mind, though, that some people believe that lower prices indicate lower quality.
  • Consider offering a first session for free or a reduced rate. It’s a good incentive for people to try you, and it’s a good opportunity for you and your customers to get to know each other under a little less pressure.
  • Call your local schools and ask if they have a tutor list, have them put your name on it. If they don’t have one, ask if they would consider starting one. They may require you to come in or to send a resume.
  • Consider listing in free tutor directories.

Warnings to a Tutor

  • There are restrictions on certain kinds of advertising. Make sure that you follow guidelines of campuses, libraries, cities, and other establishments where you post flyers or spread handbills, and otherwise obey laws.
  • Find out whether you need a business license or other credential to work as a tutor.
  • Be the best tutor you can be. The best advertising is word of mouth from satisfied customers.
  • Remember, tutoring is considered self-employment, so you will have to pay the appropriate taxes on your income.

Source: www.wikihow.com

Tutor Appreciation 2009

Tutor Appreciation 2009 (Photo credit: farrellink)

 

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