Othello, The Moor of Venice Study Guide and Summary

  • Plot SummaryBrief description of the plot of Othello, including important action. A good first step, before reading the original text.
  • Characters: Review the role of each character in the drama, including the definition cite character and motivations of the main characters.
  • Characters Analysis: Critical essay by influential Shakespeare scholar and commentator William Hazlitt, discussing all you need to know on the characters of Othello.
  • Themes: Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.

Othello, The Moor of Venice Characters Study


The protagonist and hero of the play. A Christian Moor, general of the armies of Venice, Othello is an eloquent and physically powerful figure, respected by all those around him. Despite his high status, it nevertheless easy prey to insecurity because of his age, his life as a soldier, and his race. It has a “free and open nature” according to its banner uses Iago to twist his love for his wife, Desdemona, in a powerful and destructive jealousy.

Read an in-depth analysis of Othello.


She is Daughter of Venetian senator Brabanzio. Desdemona and Othello are secretly married before the play begins. While in many ways stereotypically pure and meek, Desdemona is also determined and self-possessed. She is equally capable of defending her marriage, jesting bawdily with Iago, and responding with dignity to Othello’s incomprehensible jealousy.

Iago: Othello lieutenant (also known as the work of antiquity, or the airline), and to play a villain. Iago is 28 years old. Even if his apparent reason for wanting the death of Othello is that he was overlooked for promotion, the lieutenant, Iago, the motivations are never very clear, and seem to be derived from an obsessive, almost aesthetic pleasure manipulation and destruction.

Michael Cassio: lieutenant of Othello. Cassio is a young and inexperienced soldier, whose main function is much resented by Iago. Truly devoted to Othello, Cassio is very involved in shame after a drunken brawl in Cyprus and losing his place as lieutenant. Iago uses Cassio’s youth, good looks, and friendship with Desdemona to Othello Desdemona to play on the fidelity of uncertainty.

Emilia: Wife of Iago and Desdemona’s attendant. A cynic, a worldly woman, she is deeply committed to her lover and her husband suspected.

Roderigo: Desdemona is jealous suitor. Young, rich and foolish, Roderigo is convinced that if he gives all his money Iago, Iago will help him win the hand of Desdemona. Repeatedly frustrated as Othello marries Desdemona, and then the door to Cyprus, Roderigo is finally desperate enough to agree to help Iago kill Cassio after Iago that Cassio points is another potential competitor is the Desdemona.

Bianca: A courtesan, or prostitute, in Cyprus. Customer favorite is Bianca Cassio, who teases her with promises of marriage.

Brabantio: Father of Desdemona, a little; impetuous and self-important Venetian senator. As a friend of Othello, Brabantio feel betrayed when the general’s daughter secretly married.

Duke of Venice:  Venice official authority, the Duke has a great respect for Othello as a civil servant and military. Its main role in the drama is to reconcile and Brabanzio Othello in Act I, Scene III, then send Othello in Cyprus.

Montano:  The governor of Cyprus before Othello. First seen in Act II, indicates the state of war and waiting for Venetian ships.

Ludovic:  Ludovic brothers Brabanzio acts as a messenger from Venice to Cyprus. He arrived in Cyprus in Act IV with letters announcing that Othello has been replaced by Cassio as governor.

Graziano: Relative Brabantio, Lodovico, which is associated with Cyprus. In the chaos in the final scene, Graziano says the father of the death of Desdemona.

Clown: Servant of Othello. Although the clown appears in two short scenes, his appearances reflect and distort the actions and words of the main plots: his puns on the word lie; in Act III, Scene IV, for example, to anticipate the confusion the two meanings of the word Othello in Act IV, Scene I.

Othello, The Moor of Venice (Othello Character)


Othello is the first black lead character in Western literature, and remains one of the most famous. The drama depicts the hero’s fall From Grace – Othello begins as a noble guy (he is a famous war hero and respected, a loving husband and a narrator telling), but at the end of the play, Othello was an irrational, violent and crazy jealous husband who kills his own wife, after Iago convinces him that Desdemona is unfaithful.

Starting with the first lines of the play, Othello remains at a distance of more action and that relates to the affects. Iago and Roderigo unambiguously refer to a ‘he’ or ‘him’ too much the first scene. When they begin to define who they are talking about, especially when they are under the window Brabanzio, they do with racial epithets, not names. These include ‘Moor’ (Ii57), ‘thick lips’ (Ii66), ‘an old black ram’ (Ii88) and ‘a Barbary horse’ (Ii113). Although Othello is at the beginning of the second stage, we do not hear his name until well into act, scene III (I.iii.48). Later, Othello being the last of three ships arriving from Cyprus in Act II, Scene I ; stand Othello, Iago and Cassio, while supposedly discussing Desdemona in Act IV, scene, Othello and Cassio will assume that died without having been present when the fight takes place in Act V, scene I.

Othello’s Status in Venice;

A black man from North Africa, Othello has traveled the world and sold into slavery, escaped and ended as commander of the Venetian army and maintain a powerful Italian city-state. State of Venice, Othello is a beautiful complex – it is both from within and without, as a foreigner. On the one hand, a Christian leader and military experience, commanding the respect and admiration of the Duke, in the Senate, and many citizens of Venice. On the other hand, being a black anchor and foreign nationals as Othello in Venice in some kind of racial discrimination evident, especially by the father of his wife, who believes that Desdemona interracial marriage can be the result of the deception of Othello.

Miscegenation’s Fears ;

Brabantio is a senator of Venice, said:

Othello is “thrilled” with Desdemona, “Smelly fascinating” and spells. Otherwise, he insists, Desdemona would never ever run, “sooty bosom”, and Othello. In this game, Othello Desdemona’s marriage without delay signs refer to Othello as “thick-lips”, “devil” and “a black, old and pushing” the woman apparently poor whites (Desdemona), his hyper-sexuality. At one point, Iago of Othello is “the devil” that makes Brabantio “grands” black as hell kids.

According too many literary critics:

Many critics have pointed out that the drama seems to capture common (and dangerous) attitudes toward interracial couplings XVI and XVII. You can also draw some correspondence between the play and the current attitude of the United States.

According to an actor:

Actor Paul Robeson (black American actor, who broke the color barrier when he played Othello on Broadway in 1943) had to say about Othello:

 “In Venice at the time [Othello] was almost the same position as a black man in America today [1930]. There was a general, and while it might be useful as a fighter, tolerated as a black New York could save a disaster became a great man overnight. So soon, however, as a white woman wanted Othello, Desdemona, everything changed, like New York, would be outraged if the black man married a white woman. “

(See “My Fight for Fame. How Shakespeare Paved My Way to Stardom.” Pearson’s Weekly, April 5, 1930 p 100.

1930 may seem a long long time ago, but it would be wrong to say that Shakespeare’s work, and Paul Robeson remarks are not relevant today. Not later than October 2009, a white judge in Louisiana refused to marry interracial couples.

The suspicion of Othello:

Despite the ban, and interracial marriage, Othello and Desdemona are happy and in love at the beginning of the game. So what happens? Why come to convince Othello that his wife is unfaithful to the faithful?

Brooding/Egocentric Othello:

To read this play, my conclusion is that

we can also consider another option.
First loves Othello “good enough” is not Desdemona – it is himself. Jealousy is a feeling very selfish and
Second, Othello spend a lot of fans of the game with the way Desdemona hurt and try to come back for her. He likes his feelings, as reflected cheating.

Scholar Marjorie Garber,
Marjorie Garber suggests that selfishness begins long before Othello Iago comes to him. She points out that associating the interior Othello, his personal life with his appearance, life. He cannot draw all the constraints between them. Most people cannot believe that Othello is that there is a problem in their personal lives, destroying their ability to function in their careers.

However, the scene of Othello to the Senate that is willing to ensure that the Senate will not allow their marriage in the way of his career. Also, when Othello believes that Desdemona has deceived her first reaction is to say, “Goodbye to understand the crowd and the great wars of occupation … Othello is gone.”

Destructiveness of Othello, his determination to punish Desdemona deceived her, stalks her temperament that Desdemona immoral activities are also hurt. What makes Othello so furious, according to Garber, when it comes to himself, Othello is a purist. All this is evidence of a rather poor Othello.

But take a step back. Why is Othello a purist egocentric, first? Othello is dangerous perfectionism can stay away from his position as an outsider, a black man in white Venetian society. Othello could not have reached his position of power with an incredible self-discipline. In fairness to Othello, we need to consider carefully why it is so obsessed with his own self-perception, and why it is so easily convinced that Desdemona was leaving him and moving on to another man. To the extent that these factors are the result of outsider status Othello and bigotry, he has constantly to be overcome, we may want to cut some hanging Othello.

‘My opinion’

We know that Iago have power over Othello with his lies about Desdemona, but Iago never actually offers up any real proof of Desdemona’s “affair,” which suggests that Othello is credulous.
There are a couple of ways, Othello’s excitement to believe the worst about his wife. Some literary critics suggest that Othello believes that all women are inherently wanton. This seems to be the case when he says things like all men are “predestined” cuckolded by their wives.

Other critics argue that Othello begins to absorb the bigoted attitudes that surround him in Venice. In other words, Othello begins to believe in two things,

Firstly, He is not a good enough for Desdemona because he is black and, Secondly, as a black man, his relationship with his wife may “soil” her, which we discuss in more detail in our discussion the theme of “Race.”



Othello, The Moor of Venice Summary



Shakespeare’s famous comedy of love turned bad by unfounded jealousy, Iago begins in Venice, Othello military command discussing with Roderigo, a wealthy Venetian. Roderigo has paid Iago a considerable sum of money to spy on him, Othello, because he wants to take girlfriend Othello, Desdemona as his.

Roderigo fears that Iago has not said enough for Desdemona and Iago to prove that this is a true loyalty to Othello, not him.

Iago explains his hatred of Othello for choosing Cassio as his lieutenant and agent or not he, as he expected.

Back to trust Roderigo, Iago and Roderigo inform Brabantio, Desdemona’s father in his relationship with Othello, “Moro”, which infuriates Brabantio into sending parties at night to arrest Othello, which is, of course, being wrong in the eyes of Brabantio’s daughter, Othello…

Rodrigo Iago lies and not himself was responsible for the anger against Brabantio Othello, Iago tells Othello to beware of men who are looking Brabantio. Othello decides not to hide, because he believes that his reputation will serve him well.

We learn that Othello has married Desdemona. Brabantio and Roderigo arrive; Brabantio accuses Othello of using magic on his daughter.

Othello stops a fight before it can happen but Othello is called away to discuss a crisis in Cypress, much to the anger Brabantio who wants justice for what he believes Othello has done its fair Desdemona.

Duke is the number of senators to discuss with their enemies, the Turks (turkish people). Brabantio complains about the Duke that Othello bewitched his daughter and had intimate relations with him.

Desdemona is brought to settle the matter, Othello, explains how he and Desdemona fell in love. Desdemona confirms this and the Duke informs Brabantio had better accept the marriage of complaining and not change. Duke orders Othello is by Cypress to fight the Turks, with Desdemona to follow, with the trusted Iago.

Rodrigo despair that his quest for Desdemona is not now, that she is married, but Iago tells him not to give up making money and instead, as Desdemona was Othello.

Alone, Iago reveals his intention to continue Rodrigo money and his hatred of Othello (Othello made Cassio and Iago for his lieutenant is not). Iago explains his plan to avenge Othello is to suggest that Othello Cassio is sleeping with Desdemona (Othello’s wife).


Several weeks later in Cypress, is Montano and many more await the arrival of Othello by the bark or ship. We learn that a terrible storm has largely defeated and destroyed the Turkish fleet, which is no longer a threat to Cypress. Unfortunately, there is concern that the same storm drowned and Othello.

Montano reveals his praise of Othello, which is shared by many. Cassio, who arrived singing the praises of Desdemona? A ship was spotted, but it is Desdemona and Iago is Othello. Iago suspect that Cassio loves Desdemona and skillfully uses to his advantage.

Iago tells Roderigo that he still has a chance with Desdemona but Cassio with Desdemona could love is bad. Kill Cassio (who was lieutenant of Othello rather than Iago) will leave Desdemona to Roderigo, Iago says slyly. Othello finally arrives to the great relief of all. Iago decides to tell Othello that Cassio is having an affair with Iago that Desdemona will be rewarded, while Cassio will be punished.

A herald announces the celebration that “our noble general Othello!” Defeated the Turkish fleet, which invites everyone to celebrate this great victory and also to celebrate Othello is “civil” or marriage to the fair Desdemona.

Iago tells Cassio greater respect for Desdemona and Iago manipulates Cassio to drink too much when it is safe Cassio will do something he would regret.

Disappeared with Cassio, Iago tells Montano drinking problem by turning Cassio Cassio Montano great respect for dust. Iago tells Roderigo to attack Cassio also. It happens, and Cassio wounds Roderigo and Montano, who tried to break up the fight. Othello is now awake and ruined the name of Cassio.

If you like Othello Cassio, has no choice but to lose his position as his lieutenant. Iago comforts Cassio following speech suggesting that Desdemona could put in a good word for him with Othello.

Iago comforts wounded Roderigo, telling him that he won the ruin named Cassius. Iago has his wife, Desdemona and Emilia in Othello about Cassio ensure sees his wife talking with Cassio, when Othello that Desdemona is unfaithful, Iago assures…


Iago says that Casio made an appointment with Desdemona, Iago, Cassio help to do so.

Iago’s wife Emilia, Othello tells Cassio that he would return to his lieutenant Cassio, but this fight is a public notice to prevent Othello to do this immediately.

Emilie and Cassio said they can arrange a meeting with Desdemona.

Sometime later, Cassio speaks with a very friendly Desdemona, who assures him that Othello still loves Cassio. Desdemona also decides to keep a good word for Cassio, Othello again until he is the lieutenant.

Far away, Iago manipulates Othello, proposed by the shock, and then hide his Othello explosions. In this way the attention of Othello, Iago plants the seeds of doubt on the mind of Othello on Desdemona’s fidelity, especially if the Cassius. Othello Iago leaves almost convinced that his wife has an affair with Cassio.

Othello now complains of a headache to Desdemona, which results in his downfall a handkerchief bearing strawberries, Othello’s first gift to her. Emilie is the place that gives Iago decides the tissue can be useful if management provides a Cassio received.

Iago manages to put the handkerchief near Cassio homes or at home, where he is sure to find it and take it as their own, without knowing it is the gift of Othello of Desdemona.

Anger Othello returns to Iago, certain his wife is a loyal and demanding proof of Iago of Desdemona’s infidelity.

Reluctantly and hesitantly, Othello Iago says that he saw Cassio wipe his brow with a handkerchief of Desdemona. Othello is convinced, cursing his wife and said Iago, who is now promoted to lieutenant to kill Cassio. Othello Desdemona faces…

Desdemona is concerned about the missing handkerchief and comments that if lost, could lead Othello to doubt his fidelity. Emilia when asked about the lost handkerchief of Desdemona, lying, denying that he had been picked up and given the handkerchief to Iago.

Othello enters, asks for a handkerchief of Desdemona Desdemona, and even assured him that the handkerchief is not lost and is found. Desdemona is trying to change the subject of Cassio, but Othello constantly emphasizes the value of a handkerchief to him, which leads to anger Othello asked his wife.

Cassio arrives; Desdemona told him that his attempts to help are not going well. Iago claims total ignorance of the cause of Othello’s anger.

Cassio gives a handkerchief to Othello, he found it suspicious that his mistress Bianca, who reluctantly begins to copy its model (probably because its strawberry / design) for him.


Iago fans the flames of distrust and anger of Othello of Desdemona’s alleged “infidelity” suggests starting with Desdemona shared her bed with Cassio, and while her giving away the handkerchief is not much if Iago knows exactly how detrimental to Othello, delivering the gift is sentimental.

Next Othello Iago suggests that Cassio will “blab” or gloat to others in his conquest of Desdemona for Othello, Cassio boasted to say that he is really sleeping Desdemona.


Next meeting, Cassio, Cassio Iago cleverly talks about loving Cassius White, every smile and gesture a hidden infuriated Othello believes that Cassio slept with Cassio about Desdemona (Othello’s wife).


Next Bianca (Cassio’s lover) arrives, angrily, to return to Cassius gave him a handkerchief.

This enrages Othello because, as Iago, Cassio, not only received a handkerchief Othello of his wife, but acted on his dog (Bianca) as if it were useless. Othello decides to kill Desdemona by strangling her in bed, the idea of ​​Iago. Iago promises to kill Cassio.

Lodovico arrives, announcing that Othello is to return home and Cassio is to be the next governor of Texas. Desdemona joy to anger Cassio Othello, Iago and stop Ludovic wonder how much Othello seems to have changed, leaving the poor Desdemona to wonder how offended the man who really loves …

Othello questions Emilia if Desdemona was unfaithful to him. Annoyed that the answer Emilie says nothing happened between Desdemona and Cassio, Othello dismisses his comments as a simple woman. Othello meets Desdemona, Desdemona still shocked by her husband’s anger towards him; the anger can not be understood.

Othello Desdemona finally reveals that his infidelity is the source of his anger, by appealing to Desdemona in his innocence fall on deaf ears.

Emilia and Desdemona discuss Othello’s strange behavior. Emily is a member of some evil twisted to believe Othello Desdemona has been unfaithful, not realizing that this man is evil her husband Iago.

We learn that Iago is pocketing Roderigo’s gifts to Desdemona, who has never met. Fearing Roderigo will learn from this, Iago tells Roderigo that Cassio must die because of Iago useful, if sometimes a person will die.

Ludovic Othello is calm. Othello orders Desdemona to bed to wait until later, the obedient love of Desdemona Othello.

Note that Othello Emilia is much quieter now and Desdemona, said his bed was made from the leaves of marriage as requested. Desdemona asks to be buried in the same sheets she died before Emilia, an indication of future problems (Omen).

Emilia Desdemona is forbidden to join in his bedroom, his anger. Desdemona, depressed, remember a song (the song of the willow) by a servant who was abused by her husband and she sings.

Desdemona and Emilia discuss infidelity. Desdemona was not unfaithful to her husband (Othello) for the whole world, the world would be cynical and Emilia for the right price…


Iago and Roderigo to wait a road ambush Cassio. Iago tells Roderigo to kill him as. Iago does not matter who ends up dead. Iago is worried that a growing demand for Roderigo what happened in jewels that were given to him to go to Desdemona … Roderigo attacks Cassio, Cassio, Roderigo, but the wounds instead. Behind Iago stabs Cassio, wounding him in the foot. Othello cries are heard Cassio satisfied, saying that soon kill (Desdemona). Lodovico and Gratiano, and Iago, once again, Iago, claiming total innocence of Cassio, even if they are inflicted wounds. Socket Roderigo, Iago stabs and wounds him in retaliatio; for the wounding of his "friend" Cassio. Louis Graziano and Cassius usually wounds. Bianca, Cassio’s lover arrives, Iago cleverly and charged with injury to his mistress innocent Cassio, Iago less suspicion that…

Othello enters Desdemona’s bed-ward (the bedroom) trying to convince himself that he would kill his own good. He kisses his wife is still sleeping for the last time. Desdemona awakens, but still Othello kills her, telling her to pray for his soul does not die when he did not. Desdemona asks again what he has done wrong, to tell Othello that she gave Cassio the handkerchief, which means that he thought he had a relationship with him. Desdemona pleads her innocence, Othello tells Cassio to carry over to prove you do not give away the handkerchief. Othello says he has confessed and is dead, the fear of Desdemona and Othello surprise exhortations to believe that you do not care for him.

Emilie died singing the Willow Song; before criticizing Othello to kill his loving wife. Lodovico, Montano, Cassio and Iago now a prisoner captured soon appear, Othello Iago stabbed, but not kill him before he withdrew his sword. Ludovic is disappointed that Othello, a man so honorable returned to acting as a slave. Othello tries to argue that the murder of his wife was a noble action, but it falls on deaf ears. Ludovic learns that Othello and Iago plot the death of Cassio. Ludovic letters found in the pocket of the dead was proving Cassio Rodrigo killed by Rodrigo. Iago Cassio proudly confirms the tissue found in his room because Iago are placed there. Othello, realizing what he has done, kills himself with a concealed weapon and is above his wife. Cassio is put in charge of Iago and Ludovic left to discuss this sad case, with other foreigners…

The Rape of The Lock As a Mock Epic

The Rape of The Lock

The Rape of The Lock is the excellent mock epic in all aspects, grand style, grand theme, great hero and grand episodes in ridiculous manner.
Therefore it is called mock epic. The title of the poem ‘Rape of the lock’ indicates the mock heroic effects. The Rape is the most serious and moral offense which means the vindication of women’s chastity by force. The mean the cutting of lock is a great problem, morally, politically and society. The title of the poem evokes nothing but a mock heroic character of pope’s work.

The Rape of The Lock As a Mock Epic

  • Pope his made the mockery of the great heroic style and subject. The theme of ‘The Rape of the lock’ is cutting the lock of Belinda’s hair.
  • It is too trivial and too low to deserve any special treatment of epic theme, as pope says himself, ‘what dire offense from amorous causes spring, what mighty contest rice from trivial things’.
  • The Hero of ‘The Rape of The lock’ also indicates mock heroic effects. In the true epic great deeds of great hero are seem for the betterment of society.
  • In this mock epic the trivial incidents are done by trivial man who cuts the lock of Belinda of which he considers a great and adventurous deed, as text reveal ‘Say what a strange motives, Goddess would complete’
  • Used of machinery and supernatural characters. In pure epic the supernatural beings are Gods, Goddesses and Angels but in the mock heroic ‘The Rape of the lock’ the supernatural characters are sylphs and gnomes and nymphs.The light militias from the lower sky.
  • The structure of ‘The Rape of the lock’ is cast in the classical epic, but it is not serious epic.
  • It has divided into cantos. Like true epic it also has beginning, middle, and end, according to Aristotle’s concept of dramatic element in epic poetry.
  • The style of epic is sub line and dignified. The loftiness and sublimity is the soul of classical epic.
  • Triviality is not allowed in true epic. But in ‘Rape of the lock’ is common.
  • In classical Epic poetry Poets used long tale similes as does Spencer in Faire Queen and Milton in ‘The paradise lost’. He compares fallen Angels to autumn and Satan’s Shield with.
  • Pope has also used similes in trivial manners. He usessimiles when  Belinda demands her ravished lock from Baron as ‘Not fierce Othello is as load for the lanker chief that causes The Pain’

The Rape of The Lock As a Mock Epic By

AQSA RIAZ ( The Rape Of The Lock ).